It can grow to 4 feet high and 1 to 2 feet wide. A total of 30 species has been recognized, but most cultivars come from or are related to a single species, D. maculata (Lodd.) Dumb Cane (Dieffenbachia camilla): Best Air Cleaning Plant #18. It tolerates average room humidity. This tropical shrub shows off lush leaves that are usually marked in shades of cream, yellow, or white, making dieffenbachia a top pick for brightening dim corners indoors. Dumb Cane (Dieffenbachia Tiki) It’s called dumb cane because if you get this sap in your mouth. Dieffenbachia (also known as dumb cane) is a popular houseplant grown for its large, showy leaves. Aglaonema plants will typically become less vibrant and lose their variegation in low lighting, so keep an eye on your plant and move it to a brighter location if required. This plant has a tendency to revert to the parent plant’s characteristics. Dieffenbachia ‘Perfection’ – a variety like ‘Compacta’ with cream and green variegation and larger leaves. The name “dumb cane” comes from the fact that the plant’s leaves contain raphides, which can poison you and leave you unable to speak for a period of time. Most of the leaves are relatively soft feeling. Both have broad, green leaves, but Exotica Compacta seems to have a more "splotchy" look to the whiteness in the middle of the leaf, while Camilla (pictured here) has a more solid white pattern. Sap burns the mouth and throat causing numbness and possible paralysis of the vocal cords. There are many types of dumb canes, and variegation of leaves and plant size depends on Dieffenbachia are important ornamental tropical foliage plants because of their attractive foliar variegation, ease of production, and adaptability to interior environments. Take 6-inch cuttings from growing tips. They can occur in the wild, and can just… happen. If you buy a baby monstera it MIGHT turn out to be variegated. Dieffenbachia is part of the Araceae family and is found in tropical and subtropical humid forests of Mexico and Tropical America. Popularly known as dumb cane, dieffenbachia is a no-fuss plant. It’s a perennial plant and most cultivars have white speckles on the leaves, though not all cultivars have this feature. Native to the tropics of Central and South America, it has huge variegated leaves. Bright but filtered or diffused sunlight is sufficient to ensure healthy growth of Dieffenbachias. Everything about the dumb cane, or dieffenbachia, is dramatic. Be careful, wash your hands after you handle this plant. Most pothos lose their variegation and color in low light but the N’Joy tends to keep its beautiful variegated leaves. Give dieffenbachia fast-draining soil and bright indirect light. This tropical shrub shows off lush leaves that are usually marked in shades of cream, yellow, or white, making dieffenbachia a top pick for brightening dim corners indoors. The variegation is built into their genetic makeup because they’re engineered by humans and don’t exist in the wild. Not the case for ‘proper’ variegated monstera (albo borsigiana). The leaf color ranges from dark green to light green and can have beautiful variegation depending on the species and environment. This is a low maintenance houseplant that is unfortunately toxic to both humans and pets. Some new leaves are already beginning to brown, shrivel, and die. Propagating Pothos. Optimal lighting conditions are moderate indirect light. Dieffenbachia leaves are fragile, so a sleeve is needed. There are many different varieties of pothos, including the golden pothos, silver pothos, neon pothos, jade pothos, and marble queen pothos. While it does tolerate low light, it may lose variegation. Dieffenbachia is one of the easiest indoor houseplants to grow -- and one of the most common indoor plants. Humidity keeps the plant healthy and can be increased by placing trays of … New leaves are rough and a bit wrinkly and lacking crispness/rigidness. Sadly, there are many popular houseplants that are toxic to both humans and pets so care must be taken when growing them.Sago palm The dieffenbachia is beloved for its large, tropical leaves and easy adaptation to indoor environments. The differences have to do with the variegation. We recommend keeping it out of … In too much shade, plants may grow spindly with the variegated leaves losing their variegation. Old dieffenbachia plants and others like it sometimes have a few different long, bare stems that have small tufts of leaves at the top. Thai Constellations don’t revert. Propagate pothos by stem cuttings. Also called the dumbcane plant, the dieffenbachia is a houseplant that grows up to 6 feet tall and 3 feet wide. Read my article about lighting for houseplants to learn more. Almost all varieties of dieffenbachia are beautiful at a young age, and over time they lose their decorative effect. They are generally green with splashes or blotches of creamy white, although cultivars have expanded the palette to include yellow. Pots may be placed on a bed of wet pebbles to increase humidity. Dieffenbachia adds fun color and texture without flowers. it’ll close your throat and you won’t be able to speak. They feature a slender central grass-green mid-rib and irregular green outer leaf margins. Many different problems can cause dieffenbachia leaves to turn yellow, including disease, insect infestations and cultural problems. Also keep it away from pets, and kids. Instead of simply snipping these off and losing the new growth, you can cut these stems into pieces about 8 cm long. Its leaves have much greater variegation, often taking up most of the leaf. Dieffenbachia species have been used in interiorscapes for over 100 years, but maintaining its aesthetic appearance indoors is a challenge. Plants may lose foliar … Dieffenbachia Tropic Snow has ovate creamy-green leaves with darker green margins and white striped variegation down the center. In order to prolong the life of a room flower, it is necessary to provide him with good lighting, to moisten the earthen room in a timely manner, to spray the foliage regularly. When this happens, the leaves may appear deformed or buckled because of the more vigorous growth of the parent type. Dieffenbachia picta “Exotica” Pothos N’Joy, similar to all Pothos, can tolerate low light conditions. New leaves are small and not as variegated as the old leaves. Dieffenbachia ‘Rudolf Roehrs’ – holds leaves are gold-green with white blotches, dark green leaf edges, and midvein. Foliage may be regularly misted with water. The leaves of the pothos are typically around six inches long as a houseplant. Dieffenbachia is one of the easiest indoor houseplants to grow -- and one of the most common indoor plants. If left unpruned, the plant will resemble a palm tree. The broad and large leaves, with intricate patterns, are showy and give a tropical feel to the place where you plant it. Dieffenbachia Schott is an important ornamental foliage plant genus. Overall, “Camille” is highly collectable and another cultivar gaining the R.H.S. This is due to the fall of the lower leaves, exposing the stem. The eye-catching oval foliage of the dieffenbachia is variegated, which makes it a great decorator plant. Give the plant moderate to bright light, but not direct sun. dry, brown spots on leaves are caused by strong, direct sunlight. There are actually two plants by go by the name of "Dumb Cane", the Dieffenbachia "Exotica Compacta" and the Dieffenbachia camilla. The leaves before the die-off occurred were big and beautiful with glossy finish and variegation. This is the reason why, they grow well if kept within 5 to 7 feet of a window, preferably a north or east window. Dieffenbachia one of the most common indoor plants, is easy to care and great as an office plant.However the plant can be poisonous so there are some situations where it might not be a good fit. Handle the plants with gloves to prevent irritation from the sap. The popular selection "Exotica Compacta" only reaches 2 feet tall and has green-edged leaves with creamy white variegation. Even the way it grows is showy, new leaves curling up from the central stem before they unfurl. Award for Garden Merit. leaves lose their variegation if there is any lack of sunlight. "Hilo" (Dieffenbachia "Hilo") has large, pointed, coarse, dark green leaves with light green variegation and prominent white veins. Leaves are oblanceolate (round apex and tapering base) with striking variegation along the midrib. Plants like high humidity and consistent year-round temperatures. 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